This study aimed to assess the impact of incontinence management on informal caregivers of older persons with incontinence. To investigate this phenomenon in different welfare systems via qualitative interviews and a content analysis methodology, the study was carried out in four European countries (Italy, the Netherlands, Slovak Republic and Sweden). To this purpose, 50 semi-structured interviews were conducted with spouses and children of older people receiving their help to manage the consequences of involuntary urinary and/or faecal leakage. Findings show that incontinence has a remarkably strong effect on caregivers’ quality of life, because it results in progressive social isolation, causing them financial problems as well as psychological and physical exhaustion. The lack of appropriate support and the general silence regarding the problem, which is still considered taboo by many, aggravate the caregivers’ situation. It is, therefore, crucial that caregivers can count on a strong public and private support network, appropriate information and suitable incontinent products to better handle incontinence and care tasks in general.
Santini S., Andersson G., Lamura G. (2016) Impact of incontinence on the quality of life of caregivers of older persons with incontinence: A qualitative study in four European countries. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 63: 92-101
Director of Centre for Socio-Economic Research on Ageing, Italy’s National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing, Ancona, Italy
Giovanni Lamura leads the Centre for Socio-Economic Research on Ageing at INRCA (Italy’s National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing). He graduated in Economics, achieved a PhD in “Life course and social policy” (University of Bremen, Germany), and was visiting fellow at University of Hamburg-Eppendorf (Germany) and the European Centre for Social Welfare Policy & Research (Austria). Research interests: international research on family and long-term care; migrant care work; interdisciplinary research on ageing.